INDOT Field Equipment - Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment Functionality

Subsystem Description

'Connected Vehicle Roadside Equipment' (CV RSE) represents the Connected Vehicle roadside devices that are used to send messages to, and receive messages from, nearby vehicles using Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) or other alternative wireless communications technologies. Communications with adjacent field equipment and back office centers that monitor and control the RSE are also supported. This device operates from a fixed position and may be permanently deployed or a portable device that is located temporarily in the vicinity of a traffic incident, road construction, or a special event. It includes a processor, data storage, and communications capabilities that support secure communications with passing vehicles, other field equipment, and centers.

Functional Object: RSE Environmental Monitoring

'RSE Environmental Monitoring' collects environmental situation (probe) data from passing vehicles that are equipped with short range communications capability. The collected data includes current environmental conditions as measured by on–board sensors (e.g., ambient temperature and precipitation measures), current status of vehicle systems that can be used to infer environmental conditions (e.g., status of lights, wipers, ABS, and traction control systems), and emissions measures reported by the vehicle. The functional object collects the provided data, aggregates and filters the data based on provided configuration parameters, and sends the collected information back to a center for processing and distribution. This functional object may also process the collected data locally and issue short–term road weather advisories for the road segment using short range communications.

Functional Object: RSE Intersection Management

'RSE Intersection Management' uses short range communications to support connected vehicle applications that manage signalized intersections. It communicates with approaching vehicles and ITS infrastructure (e.g., the traffic signal controller) to enhance traffic signal operations. Coordination with the ITS infrastructure also supports conflict monitoring to ensure the RSE output and traffic signal control output are consistent and degrade in a fail safe manner.

Functional Object: RSE Intersection Safety

'RSE Intersection Safety' uses short range communications to support connected vehicle applications that improve intersection safety. It communicates with approaching vehicles and ITS infrastructure to alert and warn drivers of potential stop sign, red light, and non–motorized user crossing conflicts or violations.

Functional Object: RSE Restricted Lanes Application

The 'RSE Restricted Lanes Application' uses short range communications to monitor and manage dynamic and static restricted lanes. It collects vehicle profile information from vehicles entering the lanes and monitors vehicles within the lanes, providing aggregate data to the back office center. It provides lane restriction information and signage data to the vehicles and optionally identifies vehicles that violate the current lane restrictions. These functions are performed based on operating parameters provided by the back office managing center(s).

Functional Object: RSE Traffic Metering

'RSE Traffic Metering' uses V2I communications to support ramp metering and other traffic metering applications. Data is collected from connected vehicles on both the mainline and approach to the traffic meters. The collected data is processed and filtered and provided to the metering controller. Status and current signal indications from the ramp meter are also collected and provided to approaching and queued connected vehicles.

Functional Object: RSE Traffic Monitoring

'RSE Traffic Monitoring' monitors the basic safety messages that are shared between connected vehicles and distills this data into traffic flow measures that can be used to manage the network in combination with or in lieu of traffic data collected by infrastructure–based sensors. As connected vehicle penetration rates increase, the measures provided by this application can expand beyond vehicle speeds that are directly reported by vehicles to include estimated volume, occupancy, and other measures. This object also supports incident detection by monitoring for changes in speed and vehicle control events that indicate a potential incident.

Functional Object: RSE Traveler Information Communications

'RSE Traveler Information Communications' includes field elements that distribute information to vehicles for in–vehicle display. The information may be provided by a center (e.g., variable information on traffic and road conditions in the vicinity of the field equipment) or it may be determined and output locally (e.g., static sign information and signal phase and timing information). This includes the interface to the center or field equipment that controls the information distribution and the short range communications equipment that provides information to passing vehicles.

Functional Object: RSE Work Zone Safety

'RSE Work Zone Safety' communicates with Connected Vehicles and Personal Information Devices carried or worn by the work crew to detect vehicle intrusions in work zones and warn crew workers and drivers of imminent encroachment. Crew movements are also monitored so that the crew can be warned of movement beyond the designated safe zone.

Functional Object: RSE Wrong Way Vehicle Warning

'RSE Wrong Way Vehicle Warning' detects and warns wrong way vehicles using V2I communications. It provides an interface with other field equipment that detects wrong way vehicles using infrastructure–based sensors.

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